The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница

Answer:
1) - Complaint of pain in the abdomen before menstruation, which have sharply intensified during menstruation, spotting from the genital tract before menstruation;
-From the external uterine os spotting, dark, bloody discharge. On bimanual examination: the uterus is increased up to 5-6 weeks of pregnancy, round, rejected backwards, inactive.
2) CBC: Anemia 1 degree.
Urinalysis Clinical.: No features.
Analysis of the precipitates on the microflora: coleitis.
3) uterine leiomyoma with menstrual irregularities. Adenomyosis.
4) Uz-study, hysterosalpingography.
5) The factors of this pathology include: abortion-2, birth-1, chronic adnexitis for 5 years.
6) Mode-general, diet-table number 15.
7) danozol 400mg * 2 p / day, 3.6mg zaladeks 1 time in 28 days, esentsiale a cap The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница * 2 p / day, transnasal electrophoresis with vit. B1.

Case № 9
A pregnant, primigravida, 17 years was admitted to the department of pathology of pregnancy in the antenatal clinic on the 15th of September. She had no complaints.
Anamnesis: growth and development corresponds to her age. She had childhood infections, colds. Started menstruation since 14 years, lasts 3 days, comes every 30 days and is moderate. LMP 13-16th of May.
She attended the antenatal clinic regularly in the early period of pregnancy. In the period 5-6 weeks, the pregnancy was complicated by mild vomiting. Outpatient treatment of early preeclampsia was administered, and it was effective.

Status praesens: general The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница condition is satisfactory, the skin and visible mucous membranes of the physiological color, moderately moist.
Ps-80bpm, BP: 120/80- 115/75mmHg
No pathology of the internal organs was found. No edema. The average weight gain per week in the last month is 480-520g; McClure-Aldrich’s test- 25mins. Pelvic dimensions: 24-26-28-19cm

The Abdomen was increased in volume due to the pregnant uterus. The uterus is of normal tone, Abdominal Girth (AG) - 89cm, Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) - 35cm. The pelvic end of the fetus is palpated in the fundus of the uterus and the lower segment of the uterus is rounded, dense The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница, with clear margins - the head, and it moves over the inlet of the pelvis. Fetal heart sound is clear, rises up to 150bpm and is heard on the right below the navel.
Vaginal examination: the vulva is well developed. Hairiness is of feminine character. The cervix is of cylindrical shape, clean, with closed external os and moderate cervical discharge.
Per vaginum: vagina free and clear on examination. The cervix is well formed; 3cm long, dense, deflected posterior to the axis of the pelvis, the external os is closed. During the vaginal examination, a dense, round, distinct outline of the fetus, is felt The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница moving over the inlet to the pelvis. The promontory is not reachable.
Laboratory methods of examination: complete blood count – RBC: 3,5 x 1012/l; Hb:135g/l; Ht 42%; Colour index-0.9; Thrombocytes-190 x 109/l; ESR-40mm/hr.
Clinical urinalysis: Yellow, clear, specific gravity – 1.010g/ml, acidic reaction, WBC 1-2/high power field , flat epithelium 1-2/High power field.
Zimnitsky’s test: daily urine output: 800ml; 300ml during the day, 500.0ml at night; specific gravity-1.010-1.015g/ml.

Answer:
1. Pregnant woman admitted to the hospital in the term of 35 weeks of pregnancy, with no complaints. When collecting anamnestic data draws attention to the The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница following symptoms - abnormal increase in all of 480-520 grams per week (normally up to 350 g per week), and positive test McClure Aldrich, 25 min, which indicates the presence of hidden edema gipostenuriya-( N 1025-1020).
2. Clin. blood in the normal range in urine-gipostenuriya.
3. The diagnosis of primary: I 35 weeks of pregnancy. Longitudinal position of the fetus, II position, front view, cephalic presentation.
Complications of mild preeclampsia.
Companion: young primipara ODPT Ist.
4.Plan doobsledovaniya pregnant: RW, blood group, Rh factor, complete blood deployed, blood sugar, coagulation, blood chemistry, urinalysis for sugar, a clinical analysis of urine in the dynamics, the analysis of urine Nechiporenko, a The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница smear from the vaginal microflora , ultrasound fetal doplerometriey uterine and umbilical arteries, fetal CTG, medical consultation, blood pressure control and weight over time.
5.Lechenie carried out in conditions of separation of pathological pregnancy.
BP control, assign the infusion of magnesium sulfate 25% w / drip, followed by transfer to a / m the introduction, Actovegin / m, multivitamins, renal collecting, antispasmodics / m (baralgin, no-spa, papaverine hydrochloride).
At the time of childbirth with the start of the regular labor birth to a conservative, vaginally, with the functional assessment of the pelvis. Carried out in childbirth prevention of intrauterine fetal hypoxia, haemorrhage The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница during delivery and postpartum periods, under the strict control of blood pressure. Births to lead with an anesthesiologist, neonatologist. In case of deviation from the normal course of labor, management plan review toward operative delivery.
6. Polupostelny mode, table number 15. Once a week, arrange fasting days (cottage cheese, vegetables, fruit). Weight control on a daily basis.
7. After birth, recommended dispensary observation of nephrologist, urologist, general practitioner during the year. Preparing for a future pregnancy in 2-3 years.

Case № 10
Apregnant woman, 30 years, was admitted to the hospitalon 04/06/2005.
She complains of leg edema during the last week.
History: Growth and development was adequate. She had The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница bilateral pneumonia. During the past 4 years, she’s been suffering from neurocirculatory dystonia, hypertensive type. Menstruation began at age 14, lasts 4 days, comes every 30 days and is moderate. LMP: 20-24th of October.
II Pregnancy, childbirth - II. First pregnancy was 3 years ago and ended in term delivery of male child, weighing 3,500.0g and height of 50cm.
First pregnancy and childbirth succeeded despite her hypertension.
During the second half of that pregnancy, she had a BP of 145/90mmHg with constant swelling of the legs.
Since week 7 of the current pregnancy she has been observed on a regular basis.
The first half The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница of the pregnancy progressed without complications. From 30 weeks, there has been an average weight gain of 500g per week with swelling legs. Her general condition is satisfactory. Skin and visible mucous membranes are pale, moderately moist. Ps is 80bpm, BP 140/90-150/90mmHg. No pathology of the internal organs was found. Edema of the leg and anterior abdominal wall were seen. The dimensions of the pelvis: 27-30-32-21cm. Abdomen enlarged with pregnant uterus. Uterus of normal tone. Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) in the middle between the umbilicus and xiphoid process. Abdominal Girth (AG) - 85cm; Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) - 30cm. The head lies and moves The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница over the inlet to the pelvis. The heartbeat is clear, rises to 136bpm, heard to the right below the umbilicus.
Vaginal examination: the vulva is properly developed; hairiness is of feminine character. The cervix is to 3cm long, the external os is closed. There is mucous discharge.
Laboratory methods of investigation: Urinalysis: color – yellow; specific gravity – 1.010g/ml; reaction is acidic, protein 0.033g/l, WBC 1-2/high power field; transitional epithelium-0-1/High power field, flat -2-4/high power field.
Common blood: RBC- 4,0 x 1012/l; Hb 130g/l; Ht 42%; thrombocyte-190 x 109/l; WBC-6 x 109/l; ESR - 25mm/hr.
Additional methods of The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница examination. Tocogram: basal tone of the uterus 10mmHg, no labor.




Answer:
1. Pregnant woman presented with complaints of swelling in the legs during the last week. During the past 4 years suffers neyrodiskulyatornoy dystonia in hypertensive type. Previous pregnancy also been accompanied by a high BP. From 30 weeks indicated abnormal increase in all (500 g per week). BP 140/90-150/90mmHg
2. CBC - within normal limits.
Urine-protein in the urine of 0.033 grams per liter.
3. The diagnosis of major: II Pregnancy 32 weeks. Longitudinal position of the fetus, II position, front view, cephalic presentation.
Complication: Combination of mild preeclampsia against NCD in hypertensive type.
4.Plan doobsledovaniya pregnant: RW, blood The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница group is Rh factor, complete blood deployed, blood sugar, coagulation, blood chemistry, urinalysis for sugar, a clinical analysis of urine in the dynamics, the analysis of urine Nechiporenko, urinalysis for Zimnitsky, smear on the microflora of the vagina, ultrasound fetal doplerometriey uterine and umbilical arteries, blood pressure control and weight in the dynamics, expert advice: the therapist, urologist, nephrologist. Conduct biophysical profile of the fetus.
5.Lechenie conducted under department of pathology of pregnancy, under the control of blood pressure, magnesium sulfate infusion to appoint 25% / drip, followed by transfer to a / m the introduction, Actovegin / m, multivitamins The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница, renal collecting, antispasmodics / m (baralgin , no-spa, papaverine hydrochloride).
At the time of childbirth, with the start of the regular labor birth to a conservative, vaginally, with the functional assessment of the pelvis. Carried out in childbirth prevention of intrauterine fetal hypoxia, haemorrhage during delivery and postpartum periods, under the strict control of blood pressure. Births to lead with an anesthesiologist, neonatologist. In case of deviation from the normal course of labor, management plan review toward operative delivery.
6. Polupostelny mode, table number 15. Once a week, arrange fasting days (cottage cheese, vegetables, fruit). Weight control on a daily basis.
7. After birth The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница, recommended dispensary observation of nephrologist, urologist, general practitioner during the year. Preparing for a future pregnancy in 2-3 years.

Case № 11 A pregnant 25-year old lady, in emergency, was brought in an ambulance to the maternity hospital on the 1st of March. Complaints: severe headache, “flashing lights”(photopsia), pain in the epigastric region. Anamnesis: Had childhood diseases, ARVI. Menstruation from the age of 13, lasts for 5 days, occurs every 26 days, moderate. Last menstruation was 6-11/06/05 She is primigravid. She’s been visiting the antenatal clinic since 14 weeks, irregular. In the last month, the average weight gain per week is 750.0g. Two weeks ago, she The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница had edema of the leg, proteinuria 0,033-0,09g/l but refused hospitalization. Status praesens: general condition is severe. Skin and mucous membranes are pale, moderately moist. T - 37,0°C, Ps - 85bpm; BP: 180/100 - 190/110mmHg; generalized edema. The dimensions of the pelvis: 26-29-31-20cm, abdomen enlarged with pregnant uterus. Uterus is of normal tonus. Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) 40cm, Abdominal Girth (AG) – 98cm, the fetal heart sounds are muffled, rhythmic, up to 135bpm and is heard on the left below the navel. External genitalia are developed properly; hairiness is of feminine character. The cervix is cylindrical, shortened to 2cm, soft, slightly deflected posteriorly from The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница the pelvic axis. The head lies and moves over the inlet to the pelvis. The promontory is not reachable. Laboratory and additional methods of investigation: Urine: colour- dark yellow, turbid, specific gravity – 1.010g/ml, acidic reaction, protein-1.0g/l, glucose-0; WBC-1-2/high power field, flat epithelium 2-3/High power field. Retinal fundoscopy: angiopathy, stage I B. Ultrasound: Single homogenous 35mm thick placenta located on the posterior wall, III stage of maturity. Fetal lungs II stage of maturity. Estimated fetal weight - 3200,0 ± 200,0g.

Answers:
1. Pregnant delivered Brigade ambulance in serious condition with complaints of severe headache, flashing "flies in front of the eyes, generalized The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница edema in the last 14 days. Early from hospital refused, a women's clinic there was no regularly defined abnormal weight gain (750 g per week) for a week). BP 180/100 - 190/110mmHg
2. Urine (cito) urine is dark yellow, cloudy, sp. weight 1010, acidic reaction, protein 1.0g/l, L 1-2 in the field of vision, the epithelium is flat and the transition 2-3/High power field.
3. The diagnosis of primary: I Pregnancy 38 weeks. Longitudinal position of the fetus, II position, front view, cephalic presentation.
Complications: severe preeclampsia severity. Chronic intrauterine hypoxia mild.
4.Plan doobsledovaniya pregnant: RW, blood group is Rh factor, complete blood deployed The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница, blood sugar, koagulogrammma, blood biochemical analysis, anal incontinence in sugar, a clinical analysis of urine in the dynamics, the analysis of urine Nechiporenko, urinalysis for Zimnitsky, smear on the microflora of the vagina, ultrasound of the fetus. doplerometriey with uterine and umbilical arteries, blood pressure control, 4 times a day, expert advice: the therapist, urologist, nephrologist, ophthalmologist. Conduct biophysical profile of the fetus.
5.Taktika treatment. Shown with immediate hospitalization and emergency department and intensive care.
a) Medical-conservative mode. Neyroleptanalgeziya (fentanyl, droperidol, promedol)
b) Controlled hypervolemic hemodilution giperonkoticheskimi solutions with simultaneously controlled hypotension. Reopoliglyukin, Refortan, stabizol, plasma glucose 40%. The The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница volume of infusion therapy 800-1200ml. Control pulse. Blood pressure, central venous pressure, hourly urine output. Infusion rate, the rate of decline in AD.
c) The antispasmodic: aminophylline, no-spa. papaverine.
i) antiplatelet agents: chimes, trental.
e) membranoprotektory6 antioxidants and vitamins A, E, C, R.
e) Treatment of fetal hypoxia, metabolic therapy
g) The introduction of endocervical prepidil gel to prepare the cervix for delivery.
h) oxygen therapy. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy.
6.Rezhim strict bed rest, to limit the variety of auditory and auditory stimuli.
7. After delivery is recommended dispantsernoe observation of nephrologist, urologist, internist, ophthalmologist during the year. Preparing to buduyuschey The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница pregnancy in 2-3 years.

Case № 12
On the 10th of Nov, an ambulance brought a woman, D., 25 years to the Perinatal Center, because of onset of labor.
Complaints: cramping abdominal pain, profuse, slimy discharge from the genital tract.
From history: last menstrual period: 18-22 March; third pregnancy; visits antenatal clinic regularly. Pregnancy was complicated by mild anemia, for which she took Sorbifer(1tab/day) which was effective.

The first and second pregnancies ended in therapeutic abortion; post-abortion period was complicated with metroendometritis; received inpatient treatment for 2 weeks.
Status praesens: Her condition is satisfactory; temperature-36,8°C. Ps - 92bpm, BP-110\70mmHg on The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница both hands. No edema.
Status obstetricus: Abdominal Girth (AG) - 80cm, Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) - 30cm; size of the pelvis: 26-28-30-20cm.

Palpation: contractions are regular, intensive, lasts 30sec, and occur after every 5-6 minutes. Presenting part is dense, rounded form, and is pressed against the inlet to the pelvis. The back is on the left. Fetal heart is clear, rhythmic, and 138bpm.
Vaginal examination: external genitalia are well formed; hairiness is of feminine character.
Per vaginum: cervix is cyanosed, soft, shortened to 1cm, along the vertical axis of the pelvis, the external os is dilated to 4cm, amniotic membrane is prolapsed with slight leakage of The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница amniotic fluid.
The head is pressed against the inlet of the pelvis. Soft skull bones, joints and fontanelles are felt. The sagittal suture is in the right oblique plane, while the small fontanel on the anterior left. The promontory is not reachable, No exostoses in the small pelvis.

Laboratory Methods: CBC: Hb - 102g/l, RBC-2.3 x 1012/l; WBC-9,7 x 109/l, ESR-30mm/hr.
Urine: Urine is light, specific gravity – 1.018g/ml, acidic reaction, protein - 0, flat epithelium-1-2 /high power field, transitional epithelium-0-1/High power field, mucus - a little bit.
Smear: WBC-5-10/high power field; epithelium - single/High power The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница field; Rod-shaped flora; gonococci, Trichomonas - not detected.
Estimated fetal weight by Volsky’s formula: 80 x 30 = 2400g
Additional methods of examination: Cardiotocogram - Fisher's score- 6 points; tocogram - basal tone of 10mmHg, Strenght of contractions- 30mmHg, every 60 secs and last for 10secs; 4-contractions.

Answers:
1. The woman was admitted to the I period of active labor. Pregnant TAA (2 medical abortion in history, one of which was complicated by metroendometritom) amniotic membrane .. absent. Light leaking amniotic fluid.
2. CBC - anemia st century. (Hb-102g/l). Urine, vaginal swab microflora - without pathology.
3. The diagnosis of primary: Pregnancy III, 34-35 weeks. Longitudinal position of the fetus, the I The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница position, front view of cephalic presentation. Early rupture of amniotic fluid.
Complications: mild fetal hypoxia.
Companion: Anemia of I degree, TAA.
4. Blood group, Rh factor; RW; coagulation; PTI, duration, clotting bleeding blood chemistry (total protein, bilirubin, LRA, ALG, urea, creatinine), blood sugar, sugar in the urine ..
5. Given the gestational age. data vaginal examination, delivery to vaginal delivery, as premature.
At birth, the following complications:
- Untimely amniorrhea;
- Fetal hypoxia;
- Anomalies of labor activity;
- Bleeding in the III and the early postpartum period;
Treatment: drugs improve uteroplacental blood flow (dipyridamole, aminophylline, Actovegin, Sygethin, antihypoxants piracetam) in the I stage of labor
- Kardiomonitornoe The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница surveillance for timely diagnosis of fetal hypoxia and abnormalities of labor;
- In the II period pudendalnaya anesthesia, episiotomy and perineotomiya not carried out;
- Delivery lead with neonatologist, anesthesiologist;
- Child to take in the warm diapers;
- Be prepared for newborn resuscitation;
- III stage of labor to carry on with a needle in a vein, prophylactic uterotonic enter in order to prevent bleeding during the first minutes after birth (10 IU oxytocin)
6. Mode - steady and active. A diet rich in iron and protein (cheese, yogurt, eggs, fish, veal).
7. Necessary to examine the woman and her husband on TORCH infection, ELISA and PCR The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница in serum, cervical mucus.
Hormonal contraception or barrier methods during the investigation and treatment of identified infections.
Preparing for a future pregnancy in 2-3 years.

Case № 13
Pregnant lady, R, 25 yrs old, was admitted to the hospital on May 5 into the antenatal clinic. Complaints: nagging pains in the abdomen and lower back.
History: Menstruation began at age 16, became regular two years later, lasts 3-5 days, occurs after 25-28 days, scanty, painless. Last menstrual period: from 4-8, November. She visits the antenatal clinic on a regular basis with a 6-week period. Pregnancy was complicated by a threatened abortion at 8-9 weeks, received treatment: Duphaston, antispasmodics, vitamins The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница with positive effect.
Ultrasound of the uterus revealed isthmico-cervical insufficiency (internal os is dilated to 1cm). At 16 weeks of gestation, a McDonald’s lavsan purse string suture was done on cervix in the department of pathology of pregnancy of the perinatal centre.
In the 22nd week, she was tested for TORCH infections, HSV (herpes simplex virus), cytomegalovirus (CMV), toxoplasmosis, chlamydia. Titer of Ig antibodies detected: HSV-1:800, CMV-1:800, Chlamydia Ig-1:400, toxoplasmosis negative.
Pregnancy – second; first pregnancy ended in fetal death at 9 weeks, she sustained abrasio cavi uteri. Her hormonal status before pregnancy shows a low estradiol and progesterone The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница and an increased testosterone and dehydroepianstrosterone. Consulted an endocrinologist and was diagnosed with adrenogenital syndrome, puberty form.
Status praesens. Her condition is satisfactory, malnourished, asthenic physique; Height-172cm, weight-65kg, physiological skin color, marked hirsutism, mammary glands hypoplastic. Ps-76bpm; BP-110\70 and 110\70mmhg
Status obstetricus: Abdominal Girth (AG)-84cm, Symphysiofundal Height (SFH)-25cm; size of the pelvis: 26-28-30-20cm, the uterus on palpation is hypertonus. Presenting part of the fetus is dense and round. Fetal heart sound is clear, rhythmic, 140bpm.
Vaginal examination: external genitalia are formed properly, there is hypoplasia of the labia majora, excessive body hair on The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница the inner part of the thighs and along the median line from the vulva to the umbilicus (body hair of masculine-type). Internally, the vagina is narrow and long. The cervix is clean and cone-shaped, the os is round with moderate mucous discharge.
Per vaginum: cervix is formed, 3cm long, dense, deflected posteriorly. The promontory is not reachable. External os is closed, with no discharge.
Laboratory Methods:
CBC: Hb-94g/l, RBC-2.3x 1012/l; WBC-9,7 x 109/l, ESR – 30mm/hr.
Urinalysis: Urine is light, specific gravity – 1.018g/ml, acidic reaction, protein -0, flat epithelium- 1-2/high power field, transitional-0-1/High power field The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница, mucus-a little bit.
Smear: WBC-12-15/High power field; epithelium-single/High power field; Rod-shaped flora; gonococci, Trichomonas-not detected.

Answers:
1. Complaints about the nagging pains in the abdomen and lumbar region (typical for threatened abortion). In pregnant TAA (isthmic-cervical insufficiency, with sutures). Mother-fruit infection (herpes simplex virus is detected,cm, chlamydia). Previous pregnancies ended in stasis fruit. Reduced hormone levels in women diagnosed with adrenogenital syndrome (as evidenced by the growth of body hair in male pattern), hypoplasia of the labia majora.
2. Urine - N.
CBC - anemia Іst.
Smear of the vaginal microflora - N.
RW The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница № 11 otr.A B / ІVІ Rh (+) blood type.
3. The diagnosis of primary: Pregnancy II, 26 weeks. OAGA. Longitudinal position of the fetus, the I position, front view of cephalic presentation.
Complications: Risk of miscarriage.
Companion: adrenogenital syndrome. Isthmic-cervical insufficiency (stitch in the cervix by McDonald). Mother-fruit infection (HSV,cm, chlamydia). Anemia Іst.
4. Coagulation, blood chemistry, HIV, hormonal profile (estriol, placental lactogen, progesterone, testosterone, 17-KS in urine. Ultrasound fetal Doppler uterine and umbilical arteries. CTG in the dynamics.
5. Treatment Plan: Mode - bed, the elevated pelvic end, preserving therapy.mgSO4 25% \ in the physiological solution, and papaverine hydrochloride 2% - 2.0 in \ r The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница; candles viburkol - into the rectum; Duphaston 10mg (1 ton), 2 times per day, Table, Engistol and 1 table. 3 times a day, viferon-2 (500,000 IU / 1 suppository rectally at 2 times a day, multivitamins and 1 is 1 per day; electrosleep number 10. Tardiferon on 1tabl. 2 times a day. In term of 37-38 weeks - remove the stitches from the cervix. Births to vaginal delivery.
6. Mode - bed, table number 15. A diet rich in proteins.
7. The reason for threatening a miscarriage in this case is: AGS - adrenogenital syndrome, ITSN, IIP. When AGS - progesterone level drops, the concentration of LH increased, FSH - is reduced. In 1 / 3 of patients with this disease are diagnosed giperprolaktiemiya The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница. Need to know what the cause of miscarriage is mostly erased nonclassical form giperadrogenii, often detected only at loads (tests) or during pregnancy. Pregnant woman should be observed in conjunction with an endocrinologist.

Case № 14
A pregnant woman, 35 years with discharge of amniotic fluid was brought in an ambulance to the maternity hospital on July 22nd.

Complaints: continuous leakage of amniotic fluid in the last hour, increased fetal movements within the last 2-3 days.
History: began menstruation at age 16, irregular, scanty, painful. Last period: 25-29, September, last year. She started her sexual life at age 24. First marriage, and husband healthy. She uses rhythm method of The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница birth control. First pregnancy, wanted. She’s regularly been visiting the antenatal clinic since week 6, after Ultrasound confirmed that she was 6 weeks pregnant. Fetal heartbeat(+).

The first half was complicated by early toxemia, received inpatient treatment, with positive effect. Felt the first movements on February, 14. She’s had chronic primary compensated placental insufficiency from week 16, which she received inpatient treatment, and it was effective.
Status praesens: Her condition is satisfactory, the skin and mucous membranes are clean, pink. The body temperature is 36.80C. Ps-92bpm, BP-110\70mmHg on both hands. No edema. No pathology of the internal organs The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница was found.
Status obstetricus. Abdominal Girth (AG) 112cm, Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) 38cm, size of the pelvis: 25-27-30-20cm. The uterus is soft on palpation. The height of the fetus in the uterus when using a pelvimeter is 30cm. The head lies over the inlet to the pelvis. Back is turned to the right. Fetal heartbeat is heard below the navel, muffled, rhythmic, 125 beats/min.
Vaginal examination: On examination, the labia are hypoplastic. Pubic hair is poorly expressed. Vagina is narrow, free and clear on examination. The cervix is clean and cone-shaped, the os is round. Leaking muddy The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница green, dense amniotic fluid in small amounts is seen. It contains vellus hair and vernix caseosa.
Per vaginum: cervix shortened to 2cm, soft and deflected posteriorly, the external os allows a fingertip through. A dense presenting part - head is felt. The promontory is not reachable. No exostoses is felt in the small pelvis.
Additional methods of examination, laboratory research methods:
CBC: Hb-100g/l, RBC-2.0 x 1012/l; WBC-9,7 x 109/l, ESR-40mm/hr.
Urinalysis: Urine is light, specific gravity – 1.018g/ml, acidic reaction, protein -0, flat epithelium- 1-2/high power field, transitional epithelium-0-1/High power field, mucus-a little bit.
Smear: WBC-20-30/High power The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница field; epithelium -insignificant/High power field; mixed flora; gonococci, Trichomonas - not detected.
CTG: Fisher’s score- 4-5 points.
Ultrasound of the fetus: fetal weight 4100 ± 200g, placenta in the posterior wall, cystic changes, stage III.
Doppler: uterine blood flow is reduced. Umbilical blood flow, critically reduced.

Answers:
1. Complaints about the leakage of amniotic fluid in one hour, in pregnancy 42 weeks gestation. Pregnancy was complicated: early toxicosis, primary chronic FPI was twice hospitalized.
2. Urine - N.
CBC - anemia Іst
Smear of the vaginal microflora - coleitis
RW № 98 neg. AІІ Rh (+) blood type.
3. The diagnosis of primary: Pregnancy I, 42 weeks. Longitudinal fetal The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница position, position II, the front view of cephalic presentation.
Complications: chronic fetoplacental insufficiency, primary, subkompensirovannya intrauterine hypoxia of moderate severity. Preterm rupture of membranes. Large fruit.
Companion: Age primipara. Infantilism.
4.Koagulogramma, blood chemistry, HIV, CBC deployed. Kardiomonitornoe monitor the fetus.
5. Treatment Plan:
Given the gestational age 42 weeks, changes in amniotic fluid, placental signs of aging, suffering a large fetus - gipoksiiyu moderate severity, lack of readiness of the organism to leave, decided rodorazreshit by cesarean section on the sum of the relative indications.
6. Mode - bed, in the postoperative period in the first day. Over 2 days active mode. Table 0, with the The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница gradual enlargement of the menu.
7. Cause of prolongation in this case, probably is infantilism, which manifested itself within the onset of menses (16 years), their painful and scanty nature, hypoplasia of the labia majora and scanty pubic hairiness.

Case № 15
A 27 yr primigravid who used to work with "Khimprom” until her maternity leave began, visited the antenatal clinic about her pregnancy. The doctor noticed that for 3 weeks since her previous visit, Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) and Abdominal Girth (AG) have not increased. Gestation age is 33 weeks; movement of the fetus is felt; Weight gain during pregnancy-4 kg.
Anamnesis: No known hereditary conditions. As a child The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница, she was sick with measles and mumps; adult - ARVI, tonsillitis. Began Menstruation at the age of 16, lasts for 6-7 days, and is irregular; married and started sexual life at 20 years. She was treated for infertility, and this pregnancy induced using Clostilbegyt (Clomiphene). In the early stages she had threatened miscarriage and was treated as an inpatient and then outpatient. Gynecological diseases: uterine leiomyoma with growth of subserous and interstitial nodes.
Objective status: her general condition is satisfactory; height-168cm, weight-61 kg. Skin is pale. BP-120\80mmHg on both hands; Ps-78bpm. No pathology of the internal organs The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница was found. Abdomen is round and enlarged with a pregnant uterus; Symphysiofundal Height (SFH) - 30cm, Abdominal Girth (AG) - 82cm; fetal lie is longitudinal, the back is felt on the left and the presentation is pelvic. Fetal heartbeat is clear, rhythmic and at a rate of 130bpm.
Laboratory research methods:
CBC: Hb-88g/l, RBC-2,6 x 1012/l, WBC-9,8 x 109/l, ESR-27mm/hr.
Urinalysis: Urine is light-coloured, clear, specific gravity – 1.022g/ml, no protein, white blood cells-6-8/high power field.
Swabs from the urethra, cervix, vagina: leukocytes-8.6/High power field, clue cells-67%, gonococci and Trichomonas were not identified.
U/S- in The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница the uterus is a single fetus in longitudinal lie, position I and breech presentation. FHR-132bpm; movements (+); placenta on the anterior wall of the uterus, II-III stage of development, thinned, non-homogenous echostructure through bones with hyperechoic inclusions; normal amount of waters. By fetometry: 30 weeks. Premature development of the placenta.
Blood group A (II), Rh-negative. Antibodies were not detected.


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Документ The choice of surgical intervention for gynecological diseases. 2 страница